Showing posts with label Educations. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Educations. Show all posts

Free Online Education

Nobody can argue that the cost of today’s school education is way over the top. Let alone pursuing the best, many people can barely afford less ambitious, albeit still decent, academic progess.
Luckily, there’s another realm in this modern world where we can get free education from some of the best schools on the planet. We call this other realm the Internet, and here are some of the sources of free education online. However, please note that most of these institutes won’t give you a school diploma.
Before you jump into the pool, it’s good to know that if all you need is more information about a topic, you can stop by any of your friendly neighborhood search engines (Google, Yahoo, Bing, etc.) or Wikipedia. All that you need to find will likely be available at your fingertips there.

Video Courses and Lectures for the Visual And Auditory Leaner

The only difference between sitting in front of a screen watching a lecture and sitting in on a lecture in person is that you will not be able to raise your hand for a question to the lecturer on the videos. If you are fine with that, here are some places that you can visit for your daily dose of videos:

1. Open Yale courses
This site provided by Yale University. Wouldn’t you love to sit in on a Yale lecture? Now you can with their Open Yale program, which offers several free online courses in topics ranging from The Old Testament to Biomedical Engineering. There aren’t a lot of available courses online from Yale, but the quality more than makes up for the lack of quantity. This is one of several top universities that not only offers written course materials but also full videos of the course lectures or downloadable .mp3 audio versions so you can listen to the lectures from just about anywhere.

2. MIT’s OpenCourseware
This site provided by Massachusetts Institute of Technology. MIT’s OpenCourseware is without a doubt the biggest collection of free online courses from a prestigious university. Their list of offerings is huge to put it mildly. Interested in architectural design? They’ve got it. Want to learn about globalization? They’ve got that too. How about nonlinear dynamics or even toy product design? Oh yeah, you’re covered. Is there anything you can’t learn about with MIT’s OpenCourseware? Maybe, but I can’t find it. The courses available online through MIT don’t follow a single format, so know that they’ll vary. Some courses will feature lecture notes. Some will include exams and solutions. Others will include multimedia elements like video lectures. In most, if not all, courses you’ll be told what texts the on-campus students used in the class, so you can purchase the textbook to follow along with the course if you’d like to.

3. UC Berkeley Webcast
UC Berkeley Webcast might not be the biggest compared to MIT’s huge offering of free online course materials, but you could argue they’re the best. What I love about UC Berkeley is that they offer all of their free online course materials in webcast form. You can find audio and/or video lectures, allowing you to feel like you’re right in the actual classroom or lecture hall (without worrying about being called on!). UC Berkeley also does something other universities don’t — they offer webcasts of current semester courses. In other words, you can take a course right along with current students earning a degree with the school. Their webcast list lets you know the course schedule so you never miss a lecture. When you first visit the link above, the course list might look small. But don’t let that fool you! You’ll only be looking at the current semester’s webcast list. Check out the drop-down menu near the upper right of the screen, and you can pull up free online courses from past semesters as well (from as far back as 2001!). No, you won’t earn a degree with these free online courses, but they offer an amazing wealth of knowledge. There’s no excuse not to learn anymore — not money, not admissions essays, nothing at all. Check out some of these free online courses and webcasts, and learn something new today. And when your friends or colleagues ask where you picked up that awesome little nugget of wisdom, just say “Oh, just [insert prestigious university here]. No biggie!”

4. OpenCourseWare Consortium
OCW Consortium, which was pioneered by MIT, offers free audio or video lectures, and under open licenses from over 22 universities in the US alone, including MIT, Johns Hopkins, Tufts, and the University of Michigan, and features courses on tons of different subjects, from Business and Economics to Architecture and Physics.

5. The Khan Academy
The Khan Academy is mostly the work of one man, an electronic chalkboard, and YouTube. It focuses mostly on Math, from basic arithmatic to calculus, as well as a bit of science. It has great reputaion for teaching these subjects in an understandable manner.

6. Academic Earth
Academic Earth collects lectures from 19 different universities on a variety of subjects. The idea is similar to that of the OpenCourseWare Consortium, although on a slightly smaller scale. Academic Earth also features some of the universities not listed in the OpenCourseWare Consortium, so it is another good alternative resource.

7. iTunes U
iTunes U is fantastic because you can download these lectures right to your device (iPod, iPhone, or iPad) and study them later at your own convenience. Furthermore, like Academic Earth, iTunes U allows for searching by a specific topic or lecture, not just full courses. It also has a huge database.

The Traditional Text Based Learning

If you find it easier to learn a subject by reading at your own pace (rather than watch a professor drone on in front of you), there are a few sites that provide more text-based learning and slide show files.

8. Wikiversity and Wikibooks
Wikiversity and Wikibooks are fantastic resources for all kinds of information. Users can contribute their own project or research to the wiki, and it hosts a ton of textbook-like resources, organized in a tree.

9. Textbook Revolution
Textbook Revolution has goal of bringing together as many free textbooks on the Net as they can. They’ve got a fairly good database too, which is searchable or browsable by subject (such as Biology, Economics, or Health Sciences).

10. UG OpenCourseWare
This site provided by Gunadarma University, Indonesia. UG OpenCourseWare is a free and open educational resource for faculty, students, and self-learners throughout the world. UG OpenCourseWare does not grant credits or degrees, and does not provide access to faculty. UG OpenCourseWare gives you open access to the materials used in a variety of courses.

11. U.S. Small Business Administration
The SBA may not be a university, but they offer some of the best free online business courses available on the Web. Whether you’re already a business owner or just thinking about becoming one, let them teach you how to write a business plan, market your business, understand basic accounting principles, and more with interactive online courses. You can even learn about things like international business and crime prevention.

12. OpenLearn (LearningSpace)
This site provided by The Open University, United Kingdom. This UK university offers a pretty wide range of free online courses and learning materials through their OpenLearn program. What I love about OpenLearn is that they tell you up front in the course listings how long a course should take you to complete (18 hours for a climate change course and 8 hours for a social marketing course for example). Each “study unit” in the OpenLearn program features its own discussion forum, allowing you to interact with other people following the same courses or sharing your interest areas.

With all of these resources at hand, the only thing that you need to go futher in your education is your own good will to succed. So, good luck!

Free Ebook Readers For Your Mobile Device

eBook Reader

There’san old saying that goes: “Book are the windows on the world.” Even though in this digital age the leading role in the acquirement of information has been taken over by the internet, books still play their part as an opening to the vast world of knowledge out there.

But modern technology has also brought changes to the world of books. Aside from words printed on “dead trees,” we also have digital versions of books or better know as ebooks (electronic books) which can be read on any digital device with ebook reader applications installed.

If you love reading and want to carry a “library” inside your pocket, here are several free ebook readers that you can install in your mobile device.

1. Adobe PDF Reader

One of the oldest and most popular formats of eBook is PDF, and what is a better PDF reader than the one made by creator of the PDF itself: Adobe?
The advantage of this format is that the documents will look the same wherever you open them. But you’ll need to continuosly re-size the page on small screens. If your device is based on Pocket PC, Palm, or Symbian, you are good to go. There’s also the iPhone versions that you can grab from iTunes Store.

2. Ibis Reader

Another format that has been increasing in popularity is ePub-thanks to the adaptation of the format by Apple for its iBooks publications. And the most popular ePub reader out there is Ibis Reader.
One of the  advantages of this format is that it will adjust the page layout according to the screen size while keeping the conttnt intact. So, one eBook file will have different screen sizes. This will keep the book readable even on small screens.

3. MobiPocket

Aside from common eBook formats, this one reader is able to open other readable document formats such as office documents and RSS eNews.
This application is available for most digital devices, including Windows Mobile and Blackberry.

4. Kindle

The first popular consumer eBook reader in the world is Kindle. It’s produced and distributed by the biggest bookstore in the world: Amazon. Being the biggest bookstore, Amazon provides Kindle users with a supply of tons of Kindle-friendly eBooks.
But you can also read those eBooks using your own mobile gadget because there are Kindle softwares available for iPhone, iPad, Blackberry and Android devices – aside from the Mac and PC versions.

5. Kobo

Another worthy alternative for eBook readers for mobile devices is Kobo. The free software available for iPhone, iPad, Blackberry, Android and Palm. Kobo also has its own bookstore where you can get eBooks. They have thousands of free classic books along with tons of new titles.
So if you are an avid reader and you love to fill in those idle times with good reading-wherever you are, you could pick one of these free mobile eBook readers and start flipping those ePages.

English Learning Resources in the Virtual World

English Learnig Resources

If you can understand this sentence, then you understand English and I'm sure you know how to use it. The question is: How well?
There's no limit when it comes to learning a language. How well you can improve your English depends on the availability of reliable resources available (not only in the real world but also on the Internet.

Here are some places in the virtual world that you can visit to try to improve your English.

1. Ultimate Style: The Rules of Writing

The web's ultimate guide to grammar provides a database of topics and an easy-to-search A-Z list of cohmmon questions.

2. Use English Punctuation Correctly

A quick and useful crash course in English punctuation.

3. HyperGrammar

An extensive electronic grammar course at the University of Ottawa's Writing Centre.

4. Grammar Girl

Mignon Fogarty's quick and dirty tips for better writing. Grammar Girl provides short, friendly tips to improve your writing. Covering the grammar rules and word choice guidelines that can confound even the best writers, Grammar Girl makes complex grammar questions simple with memory tricks to help you recall and apply those troublesome grammar rules.

5. Better Writing Skills

This site contains 26 short articles with writing tips about the ampersand, punctuation, character spacing, the difference between i.e. and e.g., etc.

6. The Guide to Grammar and Writing

An old, yet very useful site tht will help you improve your writing on word & sentence level, paragraph level as well as essay & research paper level.

7. Writer's Block

A compact resource with over 20 articles that cover abbreviations, capitalization, numbers, punctuation, word usage and writing styles.

8. Paradigm Online Writing Assistant

This site contains some useful articles that explain common grammar mistakes, basic punctuation, basic sentence concepts etc. Worth visiting and reading.

9. The Learning Centre

A site that contains articles similar to those in POWA, but with more examples.

10. Jack Lynch's Guide to Grammar and Style

Those notes are a miscellany of grammatical rules and explanations, comments on style, and suggestions on usage put together by Jack Lynch, an Associate Professor in the English Department of the Newark campus of Rutgers University, for his classes.

11. English Style Guide

This guide is based on the style book given to all journalists at the weekly newspaper The Economist. The site contains various hints on how to use metaphors, puntuation, figures, hyphens etc. Brief and precise.

12. Technical Writing

An extensive guidance on grammar and style for technical writing.

13. 40+ Tips to Improve Your Grammar and Punctuation

A writer on the DumbLittleMan website wrote: "Purdue University maintains an Online Writing Lab and I spent some time digging through it. Originally the goal was to grab some good tips that would help me out at work and on this site, but there is simply too much not to share." So, basically this page is a much shorter version of OWL.

14. Common Error in English

A collection of common errors in English, with detailed explanations and descriptions of each error.

15. AskOxford: Better Writing

A very useful reference for classic errors and helpful hints but with terrible site navigation.

16. Dr. Grammar's Frequently Asked Questions

Answer to common grammar questions related to English grammar, with examples and additional explanations.

17. English Grammar FAQ

A list of common English language problems and how to solve them. This list was compiled from an extensive archive of postings alt.usage.english by John Lawler, a retired linguistics professor at University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

11 Tsunami Was Devastating in The World

,VIVAnews - An earthquake measuring 7.2 magnitude that rocked the Mentawai Islands, West Sumatra, Monday, October 25, 2010, causing a wave of deadly attacks, the tsunami. All the settlements are located on the west coast islands were hit by a tsunami that killed more than 400 people.

Indonesia is no longer familiar with the disaster. In December 2004, the great tsunami occurred in Aceh. Then the next three months occurred in Nias. One more year, exactly 17 July 2006, the tsunami also occurred in Pangandaran, West Java.

Tunami track record was already in place since 6000 BC. Scientific media page records list all-powerful tsunamis that have occurred on Earth.

6,000 BC

Large cluster in Sicily snow avalanches and falls into the sea. Landslide that occurred at 8 thousand years ago has sparked the tsunami spread across the Mediterranean Sea. There is no historical record of this disaster. Only the scientists estimate tsunami geology at 320 kilometers per hour has reached a height of 10 floors building.

1 November 1755

After the earthquake that destroyed Lisbon, Portugal, and shook much of Europe. Many people who take refuge in the boat. However, the tsunami would occur. No doubt this disaster killed more than 60 thousand people.

August 27, 1883

The eruption of Mount Krakatau in the Sunda Strait, triggering a tsunami that drowned coast of Sumatra, northern Java, and the Thousand Islands. Wave strength can drag coral weighing 600 tons to the beach. 36 thousand people have died in vain.

June 15, 1896

Waves as high as 30 feet emerged shortly after the earthquake in Japan. All of the tsunami that swept the east coast. 27 thousand people died.

1 April 1946

Large earthquake in Alaska cause big waves in Hawaii. Disasters are often referred to as the "mystery" April Fools tsunami "that killed 159 people.

July 9, 1958

8.3 Richter magnitude earthquake in Alaska sends out a wave of up to 576 meters in Lituya Bay, Alaska. It is the largest tsunami recorded in modern times.

Fortunately, the tsunami occurred in isolated places, so it does not cause many casualties. Tsunamis are only left two fishermen died, because the ship sank, hit by the waves.

May 22, 1960

The largest earthquake ever recorded of 8.6 magnitude in Chile. This earthquake created a tsunami that struck Chile Beaches within 15 minutes. High waves occur up to 25 meters. The tsunami killed 1,500 people in Chile and Hawaii.

March 27, 1964

Alaska Earthquake "Good Friday" measuring 8.4 magnitude, caused waves of 67 meters at Valdez Inlet region, Alaska. Wave at 640 kilometers per hour, killing more than 120 people. Ten of them were from the Crescent City, California, who also got sent waves as high as 6.3 meters.

August 23, 1976

Tsunami in the southwest Philippines killed at 8 thousand people. This great wave also triggered earthquakes in the vicinity of the beach.

July 17, 1998

An earthquake with magnitude 7.1 force generate a tsunami in Papua New Guinea. BESA wave quickly kill 2,200 people.

December 26, 2004

All-powerful earthquake with a strength of 9.3 magnitude rocked the Indian Ocean, off the west coast of Aceh. Largest earthquake during the last 40 years has led to high waves in North Sumatra, West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia, Thailand, the East Coast of India, Sri Lanka, even to the East Coast of Africa.

At least 320 thousand people from eight countries died. This disaster is the biggest death throughout history.

March 28, 2005

Three months later, tsunami also occurred in Sumatera. Off the coast of Nias Earthquake measuring 8.7 Richter which sparked a major tsunami that killed 1,300 people on Nias Island, West Sumatra.

Mysterious Code in the U.S. Cyber Command Logo

WASHINGTON (AFP) - 9ec4c12949a4f31474f299058ce2b22a. Not
just a random number, that's a chunk of code passwords listed in the new logo U.S. Cyber Command.

Technology magazine, Wired, challenged his readers to uncover secret codes on the logo which also illustrated the globe, a bald eagle perched on a shield decorated with crossed swords and the thunder and the child is key.

Wired Comments that respond to various kinds of answers ranging from a row of numbers and letters mean one by one until the suggestion to interpret it based on tongue-in-check.

"It is a passcode to enter a WiFi network at their headquarters," writes kmadams85, one reader who tried to crack the code of secret U.S. military agency that.

Many interpret that it is a series of missions to U.S. Cyber Command
dienskripsikan the MD5 hash code. Wired also said on Thursday (8/7) that it takes three hours for a reader to decode it.

U.S. Cyber Command is one of the most sophisticated military facility security system and is responsible for protecting military computer network under the command of General Keith Alexander who also heads the National Security Agency, the U.S. oversight agency that is confidential.

The meaning of these rows of numbers and letters in English, namely:
"USCYBERCOM plans, coordinates, integrates, synchronizes, and conducts activities to: direct the operations and defense of specified Department of Defense networks and information; prepare to, and Pls directed, conduct full-spectrum military operations in cyberspace actions in order to enable all domains, Ensure US / Allied freedom of action in cyberspace and deny the Same to our adversaries."

Source: ANTARA News

Take NASA's Space Exploration Through Game

WASHINGTON - NASA has canceled plans to return to the Moon, but the video game lovers can explore the lunar landscape with a new free online game released by the U.S. space agency.

Game called "Moonbase Alpha" allows players to join the exploration team game in progress at the Moon's south pole with futuristic 3D model.

"In the Moonbase Alpha, you are invited to contribute to become an astronaut working for human expansion and further research," NASA said in explanation of the game, as quoted by AFP on Wednesday (07/07/2010).

Expeditions in the plane suffered damage due to blow the meteor. This is where the adventure will begin immediately.

"With limited by time, you and the team had to repair and replace equipment to restore the production of oxygen into the settlements," NASA said.

To achieve their mission, the player of this game should use the interactive command center, and mobile robotic units memperbaikin. Players also test the dexterity of the right and optimal allocation of resources available, because it is the key to the success of the whole team.

NASA says this game is designed to involve and educate students about technology, employment opportunities and space exploration in the future.

Moonbase Alpha can be played by one or up to six players. NASA said the game was the beginning of a NASA project to develop online multiplayer games.

If interested, the game is available in


Mystery Man Horse on Google Street View

 Human horse Google Street View camera caught in Scotland (Google Street View)

VIVAnews - This is something that was warmly discussed by the community of Aberdeen in Scotland: the emergence of the figure of 'human horses'.

'Human horses' did not bother people because he does not bother humans. Only human beings 'heads' this horse appears on the camera shots cars Google Street View, which was passing a street in Aberdeen.

When the image perpetuated by the roadside Hardgate, Aberdeen, the man was staring at the horse car that was Google's Street View panoramic tour taking photos at that location.

Besides the horse-headed, he was wearing a purple long-sleeve shirt, black jeans, and reportedly also 'have' tails. According to, news of the horse the more widespread human presence when Twitter user named Russell Moffat, telling about 460 horses followernya about the emergence of humans in Google Street View.

Since then, the story of human horses were covered by various international media. However, until now there has been no acknowledgment from anyone about who the real man, who was behind the mask of the horse.

However, some readers of the BBC website that send many emails and provide information to the BBC that they also had the chance to meet with the human horses.
One of them, Stefan Kleen from Germany, who said that he and his wife also met human horses at a festival in Germany. last week. "He (the horse's head) only speak English, so we we did not talk much," said Kleen told the BBC.

Men named John Ainsworth also feel confident that it is a human horse she met at the Norwich area earlier this year, when walking in the park Wensum Park. "I guess I was just hallucinating when first seen. However, I later realized that it is a reality," said Ainsworth.

However, other readers of the BBC was not so impressed with this news. Gareth Remblance say that the human horses only people who want to draw attention to it. "Horse Boy is not just a private person. But he is a cheap mask. I have seen examples of such masks on the Download Festival at Donington," he said.

This bizarre incident was not the first for Google Street View. Previously, in February, Google Street View images in Norway could take pictures of two men dressed in full scuba diving with glasses (snorkle) and fin shoes, middle Street View car chase, brandishing spear fishing.

Google Street itself is a feature in Google Maps and Google Earth that provides panoramic photographs captured by the Street View car in a lot of highways around the world.

Street View own existence could invite controversy recently. Later revealed that the vehicle not only to capture Street View images, but also record the flow of Internet data is transmitted via an open WiFi network, the Street View car passed it.

Oscar 'The Black', the first bionic cat

 Oscar, the first bionic cat (

VIVAnews - Oscar lying helplessly weak. His jet black, bathed in a gush of fresh blood.

The bottom two hind legs, corn cutters tertebas by a passing vehicle.

But that was before, about nine months ago. Now Oscar, the black cat, can re-run. well get a new title: world's first bionic cat.

As quoted from the BBC, through a four-hour surgery, veterinary surgeon, Noel Fitzpatrick managed to install the prosthetic foot to a three-year-old British kitten that.

At the foot of the remaining Oscar, Dr. Fitzpatrick punch a hole with a drill so that it can be installed a metal implant that serves to replace a broken lower leg.

In metals, it is hoped will grow Oscar meat and cover the implant. Then, later in the trunk of the implant, will also be connected to an artificial paw that will give a natural touch to the Oscars.

This operation is something revolutionary and could provide a procedure that may be applicable in humans.

At least, with legs bioniknya, Oscar can return to normal activities such as: walking, running, even jumping.

"Oscar has capitalized on his new foot better. Now he is doing the things done by any other normal cat. It's very, very phenomenal," said Mike Nolan, owner of Oscar, told abcnews. (Umi)

Students Successfully Create Spiderman Gadgets

 'Spiderboy' in action at the school wall

VIVAnews - crush on Spiderman comic book character turned out to make a junior high school age children managed to make a gadget to crawl on the walls, like a spider.

Kono Hibiki, a boy 13 years old, who was a student at King's College School in Cambridge, England. Since childhood she dreamed to be able to act like his idol character Spiderman. Now Kono succeeded in realizing his desire that with the help of an instrument which he designs himself.

This smart kid makes the tool armed with two machine vacuum cleaner Tesco Value 1.4 kW electrical power, which is on the market just sold for USD 23.

Machine working vacuum sucking the air in the region bearing a hook that will sustain the body Kono climb walls.

The tool designs for five months for taking a technology subjects at school. According to the teacher's lessons, Angus Gent, she initially hesitated when Kono expressed his intention to make this gadget a wall climber.

However, Kono finally managed to prove it. "He designed it all alone. This is very impressive for a kid his age. I am very proud of him," said Ghent, The Sun quoted from the site.

With these tools, Kono to climb the walls in sekolahannya and got a new nickname: 'Spider-Boy'. "When I was little I liked to wear Spiderman, and like all his films. Now I am glad to be climbing the walls like Spiderman," Kono said.

Although allowed to crawl the walls of his school, Kono requested not to climb too high. In fact, by his parents even Kono was banned for testing the equipment to climb the walls of his house.

"My mom says this is a brilliant idea. But she forbade me from using this tool in my room. My mother worried that I will make the house so the ceiling collapsed."

Geologists Discover Relations and Climate Earth Orbit

TEMPO Interactive, Jakarta - From the analysis of 1.2 million last year, geologist at the University of California Santa Barbara Lorraine Lisiecki claimed to have found a pattern of orderly change in the relationship obit the earth's climate cycles. The findings are reported in the scientific journal Nature Geoscience.

Lisiecki analyze core temperature (core) marine sediments from 57 locations around the world. By analyzing the sediment, scientists can create a chart of the earth's climate over millions of years in the past.

Lisecki linking climate with the historical record of the earth's orbit. He obtained data on the sun orbits the earth changes shape every 100 thousand years. Orbit is better or more oval on the time interval.

The form known as eksentritas orbit. One related aspect is the 41 thousand year cycle in the slope of the axis of the earth. Earth glaciation also occurred every 100 thousand years.

Lesiecki find the time to climate change and eccentricity occur together. »Clear relationship between time changes in the earth's orbit and climate change is strong evidence of the relationship between the two," Lisiecki concluded. »It is not possible that these events would not be related to one another."

In addition to finding the relationship between the change in the form of the orbit and early glaciation, correlation Lisiecki find surprising. He found the largest glacial cycles occur during the change of the weakest in the eccentricity of the orbit of the earth and vice versa.

He found strong changes in the earth's orbit associated with climate change is weak. »This may mean that Earth's climate has internal instability in addition to sensitivity to changes in the orbit," Lisiecki said.

He concluded that the pattern of climatic changes during the last one million years may involve complex interactions between different parts of the climate system, as well as three berebda orbital system, namely obrit eccentricity, tilt, and precession or changes in axis orientation.

ScienceDaily | PURW

Pocket Wikipedia 1.0

Pocket Wikipedia, hand-checked selection from Wikipedia which is about the size of a fifteen volume encyclopaedia (24,000 images and 14 million words)

The selection was made by Schools Wikipedia and is available for download here. This application it's a freeware software, works on PocketPC, Windows and Linux.

Pocket Wikipedia 1.0 - Click to Download

Pocket Wikipedia was created to work on PocketPC systems. After that was ported on Windows and Linux systems. Because the large size of the database file all OS versions of Pocket Wikipedia are distributed in one zip archive.

Pocket Wikipedia on PocketPC

Pocket Wikipedia on Windows

Pocket Wikipedia on Linux

Biggest mountain in the Solar System

Olympus Mons, is the largest mountain Mars is also the largest mountain in the solar system (Solar System) we are. This mountain rises to the height reaches 27 km and has a diameter of 550 km. At the foot, Olympus Mons surrounded by steep cliffs with a minimum altitude of 6 km. At the peak, the mountain has a 85 km diameter crater.

You can stack three Mount Everest, the highest point on earth, and the mountain is still higher than the pile.

Mount largest diameter of the earth is the mountain Mauna Loa (Hawaii) which has a diameter along the 120 km. Compare with a diameter of Olympus Mons (550 km).

Dictionary of Terms In Blogs

Are you puzzled by strange blogging terms and unusual blog abbreviations and blogging acronyms? Then this post will get the Blargon Demystified. This article attempts to simplify some common blogging terms organized into a simple blogging glossary. Only common and popular blog tools and services have been included.

Note : The language used here is mostly non technical to make the newbie blogger understand the blogging basics. These have not been created by me, but collected over time. This is NOT a substitute for dictionary meaning or a strict definition of these terms, but a simple layman approach to understanding what they mean. Please feel free to propose a better meaning in the comments.


  • Weblog- An online dated diary listing your periodic thoughts on a specific topic, often in reverse chronological order.
  • Blog - short form for weblog
  • Blogging - the act of posting on blogs
  • Blogger - a person who blogs
  • Blogosphere - The internet blogging community


  • Photoblogging - a blog predominantly using and focusing on photographs and images. Photoblogs are created by photobloggers
  • Podcasting - a method of distributing multimedia files (audio / videos) online using feeds for playback on mobile devices and personal computers. Podcasts are created by podcasters.
  • Autocasting - is an automated form of podcasting
  • Blogcasting - the blog and the podcast merged into a single website.
  • Vlogging - Also called video blogging. Shortened to vlog. Posted by vlogger. A variant on the blogging using video instead of text.
  • Audioblogging - Also called audioblog, MP3 blog or musicblogs. a variant on the blogging using audio instead of text. Created by audioblogger.
  • Moblogging - Also called moblogs. A blog posted and maintained via mobile phone. Moblogs are created by mobloggers.


  • Index page - the front page fo the blog
  • Header - the topmost part of the blog usually listing the blog title.
  • Footer - the most bottom part of the blog usually listing navigation and copyright statements
  • Sidebar - One or more columns along one or both sides of most blogs main page
  • Categories - A collection of topic specific posts
  • Post, Entry- individual articles that make up a blog
  • Comments - enabling readers to leave their remarks
  • Captcha - short for �Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart�. Those word and letter verification images you need to type in to show you are human and not a bot. Helful to block automated spam comments. more
  • Ping - Short for Packet Internet Grouper. Blog and ping helps to notify other blog tracking tools for updates, changes and trackbacks.
  • Trackback - A system by which a ping is sent to another blog to notify that their article has been mentioned by you
  • Pingback - See trackback.
  • Permalink - A link to a specific article
  • Tags - labelling / attaching keywords to collect similar posts
  • Tag cloud - Displaying tags lists or keywords in a blog.
  • Blogroll - list of links to other blogs in your sidebar. Also see
  • Sideblog - A smaller blog usually placed in the sidebar of a blog.
  • Template - the blog presentation design
  • BlogThis - a function allows a blogger to blog the entry they a reading
  • Plugins - Small files that add improved functionality and new features. Wordpress plugins can greatly improve your blog usage and interactivity
  • Dashboard - When you login to your blogging account, it is the first screen with all controls, tools and functions.
  • Archives - a collection of all your posts on one page. Can be categorized by month etc.
  • Expandable post summaries - show a small teaser part of the post on the index page that link to the full post. more
  • Jump - the continuation of a the story on another page to preserve space on index page.
  • FTP - short for file transfer protocol. Transferring file to and fro from your web host using FTP tools like Filezilla


  • Web Feed - allows online users to subscribe to websites that change or add content regularly.
  • RSS - a family of web feed formats used for Web syndication. Short form for Really Simple Syndication (RSS 2.0), Rich Site Summary (RSS 0.91, RSS 1.0), RDF Site Summary (RSS 0.9 and 1.0). Wordpress generates RSS 2.0
  • XML - short for eXtensible Markup Language. a general-purpose markup language for syndication formats used on blogs.
  • RDF - short for Resource Description Framework. A web content syndication format.
  • Atom - another specific web feed format. Blogger feeds are usually of this type.
  • OPML - short for Outline Processor Markup Language. It is an XML format for outlines. Easily import and export multiple blog subscriptions between different rss aggregators.
  • Photofeed- a web feed with image enclosures.


  • Blogger - a free blogging platform by Google.
  • Blogspot - free Blogger hosting blog at
  • LiveJournal - free blogging tool by SixApart
  • Movable Type - paid blogging tool by SixApart
  • Typepad - paid blogging tool by SixApart
  • Free. Easy to Upload, customize and upgrade.
  • - A Wordpress blog hosted free for you.
  • Radio Userland - another blog publishing software package


  • Group blog- with multiple contributing bloggers.
  • Event blog - focussed on an event
  • Kittyblogger - writing about cats.
  • Celeblog - focused on a celebrity.
  • Celebriblog - maintained by a celebrity.
  • Clog Blog - written in Dutch and/or in Holland.
  • CEOBlog - run by a chief executive officer.
  • Plog - a project blog. Also for personalised weblogs
  • Movlogs - mobile video blogs.
  • Splog- a spam blog
  • Tech blog - focused on a technical subject.
  • Anonoblog - by an anonymous blogger
  • Linguablog - about linguistics, translation etc.
  • Metablog - a blog about blogging.
  • Milblog - a military blog.
  • Blawg - blogged by lawyer / related to legal stuff
  • Edu-blog - education oriented blog.
  • Progblog - A progressive blog.
  • Shocklog - provokes discussion by posting shocking content
  • Klog - used by company knowledge workers. by Kloggers
  • Blogsite - A web site that combines blog feeds from a number of different sources
  • Dark Blog- A non-public blog
  • Photocast- a photoblog that automatically updates when new photos are added.


  • Metablogging - writing articles about blogging
  • Blogstipation - writer�s block for bloggers. Cant think of what to blog about?
  • Blogathy - I do not want to post today and I do not care about it
  • Blogopotamus - A long long blog post
  • Blogorrhea - unusually high output of articles
  • Bleg - To use one�s blog to beg for assistance etc.
  • Hitnosis - Refreshing your browser repeatedly to see if your hit counter or comments have increased
  • GAD - Google Adsense Disorder. Repeatedly checking your adsense earnings. more
  • Blego - Blog+Ego. Measuring blogger worth
  • Blog hopping - jumping from one blog to another
  • Blogroach - A commenter who rudely disagrees with posted content
  • Blogoholic - addicted to blogging
  • Blogorific = blogtastic - something which a blogger says is terrific
  • Blogsit - maintaining a blog while the primary blogger is on leave
  • Blogvertising - Also called blogvert. Advertising on a blog.
  • Blurker - a blog reader not posting comments, just lurking around quietly.
  • Blogathon - update your website every 30 minutes for 24 hours straight. Maybe collect sponsorships. more
  • Blogiversary - your blog birthday
  • Blog Carnival - Links to other articles covering a specific topic.
  • Multiblog - running multiple blogs
  • Blog Tipping - Compliment 3 blogs on day 1 of every month. more
  • Blogger bash - a blogger party
  • Commenter - someone who leaves remarks / comments
  • Reciprocal Links - called link love. You link to my blog, I link to yours. To improve search engine rankings.
  • Linkbaiting - a habit of writing good content with the sole purpose of getting it linked from multiple sites.
  • Blogstorm - a large amount of blogosphere activity due to particular controversy. Also called Blog Swarm.
  • Blogsnob - refusing to respond to blog comments from �not-friends�.
  • Doppelblogger - plagiarize the content of another blogger. To Doppelblog.
  • Blogophobia - Fear of blogs and blogging.
  • Bloggerel - the same opinion posted repeatedly on a blog


  • Problogger - professional blogger
  • Blognoscenti - especially knowledgable bloggers
  • Blogebrity - a famous blogger.
  • Blogerati - the blogosphere intelligentsia.
  • Commentariat - The community of those leaving comments.
  • Dooced - lost a job because of blog entries. To Dooce.
  • Blogther - a fellow blogger.
  • A-List- the top bloggers who influence the blogosphere.
  • Blogstar- blogger running a popular blog


  • Bloggies- Annual blogging awards. more
  • MSM - Mainstream Media, or old media like newspapers etc.
  • BSM - Blogstream media. from most heavily trafficked blogs.
  • Blog Day - 31 August. Find 5 new Blogs that you find interesting and tell them. more
  • Blaudience - your blog audience.
  • Blargon - Also called Blogssary. Blogging slang and glossary. What I am telling you now.
  • Blogiversary - your blog birthday
  • Blogiverse - see blogosphere
  • XFN - short for XHTML Friends Network. Is a simple way to represent human relationships using hyperlinks.
  • Blogonomics - blogging conference on a Blog Cruise in 2006. more
  • EFF - short for Electronic Frontier Foundation. A nonprofit group working to protect blogger rights.
  • Blog of Note - a recommended blog. more
  • Navbar - a navigation bar usually seen on top of Blogger blogspot hosted blogs. more
  • Blook - a book created from a blog. more
  • Hat Tip- acknowledgement of the source that tipped you the news.
  • Spomments- Spam comments
  • Blammer- Blog spammer
  • SOB- acronym for Successful and Outstanding Blogger. From
  • Blogiday- you get fed up and take a holiday from blogging


  • Bloglines, Rojo, Newsgator, Kinja, - are News Aggregators that display content from syndicated Web content from web feed. Can be configured online or downloaded on your desktop. Like . Also called RSS readers, feed readers, feed aggregators or news readers
  • Pageflakes, Newsvine - Track multiple feeds on a single page by modules.
  • Odeo, Podnova - are Podcatchers, a form of aggregator used to automatically download podcasts and can sometimes transfer a portable media player. Like
  • Feedburner - a professional feed management system
  • Pingomatic, Pingoat - ping multiple blog tracking services. More
  • Feedblitz, Zokooda - Email subscriptions and newletter tools.
  • Technorati - a real-time search engine that keeps track of what is going on in the blogosphere
  • b5media, 9rules - examples of popular blogging networks. Collection of blogs and bloggers providing great content, with revenue sharing sometimes.
  • K2, Blix - names of some popular wordpress themes.
  • Blogexplosion, Blogclicker- popular blog traffic generation / exchange services.
  • Adsense, Adbrite, CJ, Chitka, Blogads - popular affiliate programs to generate money from your blogs.
  • Sphere, Icerocket - blog search engines
  • Live Bookmarks - a firefox web browser feature. Update themselves automatically with the latest content from the Web.
  • Creative Commons - licenses provide a flexible range of protections and freedoms for authors to offer a voluntary �some rights reserved� approach.
  • CoComment - Tracks your comments across different platforms and follow conversations
  • WBloggar, Ecto, Qumanna - desktop blog publishing tools
  • Mint, Mybloglog, Measuremap, Analytics - site traffic tracking tools.
  • Haloscan- free trackback service
  • YouTube, Rapidshare- puts video on your blog
  • Flickr, Imageshack - photo sharing service. Host images on your blog
  •, furl, spurl - share social bookmarks.
  • Blogburst - Syndicating your feed to top publishers.
  • Bloggeropoly - professional blogger recruiting agency. more
  • Blogger code - a way to describe different types of bloggers. more
  • Bloggoggle - Directory of Blogging Professionals
  • BlogHer - where the women bloggers are. At


  • Digged - link posted on driving huge traffic to your blog
  • Slashdotted - link posted on driving huge traffic to your blog. more
  • Instalanche - link posted on driving huge traffic to your blog
  • Farked - link posted on driving huge traffic to your blog
  • Boing Boinged - link posted on driving huge traffic to your blog


  • Ajax - acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML. creates interactive web applications.
  • Greasemonkey - a firefox web browser extension that can alter the functionality of any website using specific scripts.
  • Wiki - a collaborative on-line software that allows readers to add and edit content.
  • SEO - search engine optimization. To improve your search engine rankings.
  • Page Rank - Google measures of importance of a page which reflects in its rankings.
  • CMS - short for Content management system. software used to publish and manage websites.

Solar Systems

100 Keyboard Shortcut

100 Keyboard Shortcut

CTRL+C (Copy)
CTRL+X (Cut)
CTRL+V (Paste)
CTRL+Z (Undo)
DELETE (Delete)
SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin)
CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)
CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)
F2 key (Rename the selected item)
CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)
CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)
CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)
CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)
CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)
SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)
CTRL+A (Select all)
F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)
ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)
ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)
ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)
ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)
CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
ALT+TAB (Switch between the open items)
ALT+ESC (Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened)
F6 key (Cycle through the screen elements in a window or on the desktop)
F4 key (Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
SHIFT+F10 (Display the shortcut menu for the selected item)
ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the System menu for the active window)
CTRL+ESC (Display the Start menu)
ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name (Display the corresponding menu)
Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
F10 key (Activate the menu bar in the active program)
RIGHT ARROW (Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu)
LEFT ARROW (Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu)
F5 key (Update the active window)
BACKSPACE (View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer)
ESC (Cancel the current task)
SHIFT when you insert a CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive (Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing)Dialog Box Keyboard Shortcuts
CTRL+TAB (Move forward through the tabs)
CTRL+SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the tabs)
TAB (Move forward through the options)
SHIFT+TAB (Move backward through the options)
ALT+Underlined letter (Perform the corresponding command or select the corresponding option)
ENTER (Perform the command for the active option or button)
SPACEBAR (Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box)
Arrow keys (Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons)
F1 key (Display Help)
F4 key (Display the items in the active list)
BACKSPACE (Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box)
Microsoft Natural Keyboard Shortcuts
Windows Logo (Display or hide the Start menu)
Windows Logo+BREAK (Display the System Properties dialog box)
Windows Logo+D (Display the desktop)
Windows Logo+M (Minimize all of the windows)
Windows Logo+SHIFT+M (Restore the minimized windows)
Windows Logo+E (Open My Computer)
Windows Logo+F (Search for a file or a folder)
CTRL+Windows Logo+F (Search for computers)
Windows Logo+F1 (Display Windows Help)
Windows Logo+ L (Lock the keyboard)
Windows Logo+R (Open the Run dialog box)
Windows Logo+U (Open Utility Manager)

Accessibility Keyboard Shortcuts
Right SHIFT for eight seconds (Switch FilterKeys either on or off)
Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN (Switch High Contrast either on or off)
Left ALT+left SHIFT+NUM LOCK (Switch the MouseKeys either on or off)
SHIFT five times (Switch the StickyKeys either on or off)
NUM LOCK for five seconds (Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off)
Windows Logo +U (Open Utility Manager)
Windows Explorer Keyboard ShortcutsEND (Display the bottom of the active window)
HOME (Display the top of the active window)
NUM LOCK+Asterisk sign (*) (Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder)
NUM LOCK+Plus sign (+) (Display the contents of the selected folder)
NUM LOCK+Minus sign (-) (Collapse the selected folder)
LEFT ARROW (Collapse the current selection if it is expanded, or select the parent folder)
RIGHT ARROW (Display the current selection if it is collapsed, or select the first subfolder)

Shortcut Keys for Character Map
After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts:
RIGHT ARROW (Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line)
LEFT ARROW (Move to the left or to the end of the previous line)
UP ARROW (Move up one row)
DOWN ARROW (Move down one row)
PAGE UP (Move up one screen at a time)
PAGE DOWN (Move down one screen at a time)
HOME (Move to the beginning of the line)
END (Move to the end of the line)
CTRL+HOME (Move to the first character)
CTRL+END (Move to the last character)
SPACEBAR (Switch between Enlarged and Normal mode when a character is selected)

Mcrosoft Management Console (MMC) Main Window Keyboard Shortcuts
CTRL+O (Open a saved console)
CTRL+N (Open a new console)
CTRL+S (Save the open console)
CTRL+M (Add or remove a console item)
CTRL+W (Open a new window)
F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
ALT+SPACEBAR (Display the MMC window menu)
ALT+F4 (Close the console)
ALT+A (Display the Action menu)
ALT+V (Display the View menu)
ALT+F (Display the File menu)
ALT+O (Display the Favorites menu)

MMC Console Window Keyboard Shortcuts
CTRL+P (Print the current page or active pane)
ALT+Minus sign (-) (Display the window menu for the active console window)
SHIFT+F10 (Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item)
F1 key (Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item)
F5 key (Update the content of all console windows)
CTRL+F10 (Maximize the active console window)
CTRL+F5 (Restore the active console window)
ALT+ENTER (Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item)
F2 key (Rename the selected item)
CTRL+F4 (Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console)

Remote Desktop Connection Navigation
CTRL+ALT+END (Open the m*cro$oft Windows NT Security dialog box)
ALT+PAGE UP (Switch between programs from left to right)
ALT+PAGE DOWN (Switch between programs from right to left)
ALT+INSERT (Cycle through the programs in most recently used order)
ALT+HOME (Display the Start menu)
CTRL+ALT+BREAK (Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen)
ALT+DELETE (Display the Windows menu)
CTRL+ALT+Minus sign (-) (Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)
CTRL+ALT+Plus sign (+) (Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing ALT+PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.)

Microsoft Internet Explorer Navigation
CTRL+B (Open the Organize Favorites dialog box)
CTRL+E (Open the Search bar)
CTRL+F (Start the Find utility)
CTRL+H (Open the History bar)
CTRL+I (Open the Favorites bar)
CTRL+L (Open the Open dialog box)
CTRL+N (Start another instance of the browser with the same Web address)
CTRL+O (Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL+L)
CTRL+P (Open the Print dialog box)
CTRL+R (Update the current Web page)
CTRL+W (Close the current window)

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